Advanced computer based research, such as the handling of large data sets and the use of high performance computers for simulations and calculations, is an integral part of scientific research today, commonly known as e-Science. e-Science is complementary to the traditional means of doing research by experiments and theoretical reasoning.

The impact of e-Science can be found in all areas of academia. The use of basic e-Science in new domains can generate fundamentally new and important results. At the same time, access to advanced e-Science tools and infrastructure enables the leading research groups that are spear-heading Swedish e-Science to compete at the international forefront.